What are the steps for writing an essay?
Select and delimit the subject: In order to initiate the search for information, which allows to theoretically support the content of the essay, it is necessary: it is necessary:
Information search: select texts, authors, sources, etc. To start the documentation stage
Reading: this should be done in a work attitude; Is a study reading. At this point it is necessary to carry out the following activities:
The underline is made by locating the main ideas of the authors; Is what is commonly called abstract, which will serve to substantiate the essay contexts or phrases to the letter, between pitted.
The analysis: it consists in the classification of information, in ordering and understanding it. The synthesis: it is the most important step, since it consists in knowing how to express the ideas of the authors with the words of oneself. Having the concept, the idea is the goal of this moment and know how to express it orally or in writing, using your own style.
What should be the structure of an essay?
According to its structure, the test must be presented in a certain order:
Introduction: is the one that expresses the subject and the objective of the essay; Explains the content and the sub-themes or chapters it covers, as well as the criteria applied in the text, is 10% of the essay and covers more or less half sheet. Its specific objective is to capture the attention of the readers.
Development of the theme: contains the exposition and analysis of the same, the own ideas are raised and are supported with information of the necessary sources: books, magazines, Internet, interviews and others. It constitutes 80% of the test; Covers more or less 4 to 5 pages, although we must remember that the extension conforms according to the ideas that are developed (each paragraph is composed of one main idea and several secondary). In it goes the whole developed theme, using the internal structure: 60% of synthesis, 20% of summary and 20% of commentary.
Conclusions, in this section, the author expresses his own ideas on the subject, allows to give some suggestions of solution, to close the ideas that were worked in the development of the subject and to propose lines of analysis for later writings. They contemplate the other 10% of the essay, about half a page.
Bibliography, at the end are written the references of the sources consulted that served to gather information and to support the ideas or criticisms; These sources can be books, magazines, Internet, interviews, television programs, videos, etc.
Written essay submission
3. Introductory part
5. Conclusion or closure
Remember: An essay should answer the following questions:
What is it? = General objective
How? = Method
Where? = Space
When? = Time
Why? = Justification
What is it?
When you start writing an essay it is generally believed that the information in a textbook is sufficient; However, if you want to gain more knowledge about the subject and also a good grade, it is necessary to perform a search for information.
To look for information, documentation, to investigate, is a previous and fundamental task whenever you have to do a written work; Be it an essay, report, comment, synthesis.
How do I start?
It is necessary to perform certain activities that are essential for all writing work, then we mention them so that you start your adventure in the search of information:
Focusing on the topic is the first step since you must have well-defined and delimited your ideas before you start. You can use the following methods:
Linking ideas: Organizing ideas in a diagram serves to identify and delimit the topics. Write down all the aspects of the topic that you think of and then try to establish relationships between them.
Write freely: Write about the topic for fifteen minutes, non-stop. Do not worry about the organization. When you are finished review what you wrote and delete the ideas that are repeated, then check how much information you have for each of them, this will give the guideline to know what type of search
How do I search?
Take a sheet and write the general topic in the center and around related issues or ideas. Draw lines between them, relating those you consider similar or those that, once combined, present interesting ideas. This will help you organize the structure of your writing.
Design questions related to the topic to guide your search: what is ?, what is it for ?, what aspects will I consider ?, etc. Try to answer them in writing with your previous knowledge and decide which sources you need to consult.
Start with the search from the sources you have at your disposal: Encyclopedias, textbooks, Internet, Online Libraries, Videos, etc.
Evaluate your sources
Examine the source of the information and verify that it is reliable sources. Use the following checklist to determine the degree of reliability:
Contains original studies or writings
This is a current enough source for your research.
Belongs to a recognized university or other academic institution.
If you have only personal opinions, you may want to look for another source that has solid backing.
In the following article you will find a guide to evaluate your sources of information:
Where do I look?
After having made the choice and delimitation of the topic is the time to start the search for information. Think about what you need to know and how to get the sources that will provide the most reliable and accurate information. Information sources: When you start looking for information you should consider the type of documentation you need and the place where you can find it. Here’s a list of the sites you can use:
Computer applications or Internet:
Internet and Websites
Lists of periodicals online like magazines or newspapers
Academic and scientific indexes Video and audio recordings
Public or educational libraries
Maps & Atlases
Encyclopedias and yearbooks
Sometimes, when searching for information, search results may be excessive or insufficient. Use the following suggestions to expand or narrow your searches and get the information you need. To narrow the search:
Use one by one the words of the search to make it more specific
Avoid looking for common words like “a”, “the”, “my”, “the”, “of” or dates as “1890”.
2. To broaden the search results:
Use fewer words in the search
Write alternative words that describe what you are looking for.