He was born into a wealthy family. His father was a Jew converted to Protestantism. He studied at the University of Bonn, but his radical ideas, inspired by Hegel’s theories, interested him much more than a law degree, a branch imposed by his father. The latter, in an attempt to put his son in charge, forces him to move to the much stricter University of Berlin, but his political militancy continues. After completing his doctoral thesis, he began writing for radical journals, causing him many problems with the authorities. At the end of the newspaper he worked for he traveled to France, where he met Engels, with whom he developed a deep personal friendship. Together they develop their main economic and social theories. Faced with the impossibility of returning to his country, where he is forbidden entry, he settled for a time in Belgium, but forced him to undertake not to publish anything of political court, reason why returns to France and finally moves to London in 1849.
In this city he founded the “New League of Communists”. It survives thanks to financial help from Engels. It is in this city where he realizes his deep economic studies that will give place to his summit work “The Capital”
Marx was revolutionary even in his marriage, as he engaged with a high-class baroness Jenny von Westphalen, sister of the Prussian Interior Minister, who broke off her relationship with a nobleman to engage with Karl. Their personal life was very sad, since of six children they had in common, three died in childhood. He also had a child born of an extramarital relationship with his housekeeper.
Ideology = Marxism is based on three basic columns:
Dialectical materialism = For dialectical materialism matter is the fundamental reality, but matter is dynamic and changing as a result of the struggle of counter elements
Historical materialism = Defends that the history of the world is the history of the class struggle over the centuries: slaves against free men, oppressed against oppressors, workers against capitalist system …
Scientific Socialism = It is the term that Engels used to differentiate Marxism from other socialisms based on idealism. Marxist socialism had its basis in science. Science and economics are a whole that is understood when studying together as both are closely related.